Jim Corbett National park is proud of India and also the first national park of India; it was established in 1936. It is situated in the beautiful Uttrakhand state and covers two of its districts Nainital and Pauri Garhwal on the foothills of Shivalik (The Himalayas) with an area of 520.82 sq. km.
History of the Park
Established in 1936 as Hailey National Park after the name of The Famous Hunter and then Governor of United Province Sir Malcolm Hailey and in 1947 its name got changed to Ramganga National Park because River Ramganga Flows through the Park.
In 1957, it was renamed Jim Corbett National park in honour of a well-known Naturalist and a great hunter of man-eaters (Big Cats ) and also a Wild Animal Conservator Late Jim Corbett.
In 1973, with the view to conserve the wildlife, Govt. Of India started the “Project Tiger” Campaign with the help of “WWF” World Wildlife Fund.
Best Time to Visit the Park
The Park has a temperate climate, and it is almost open for the year except in the Rainy season from Mid June to Mid Nov.
Although being closed in the Rainy season, the best time to visit the park is Dec to March, one of the reasons is that there is max. chances of spotting Royal Bengal Tiger in winter mornings.
Due to a great loss in revenue Because of the COVID-19 lockdown in previous years, it was almost open in 2021. In Summer (March to June) temperature touches up to 40°C. In Winters (Dec to Feb ) There is an amazing variation in temperature from 5°C to 25°C.
How to Reach the Park
The Park has a gateway in the form of a small but beautiful city Ramnagar, situated in the Nainital District. Anyone can access it from Road and rail network to Ramnagar.
There is a UTC roadways station in Ramnagar which connects Delhi, Moradabad, Dehradun, Haridwar, Nainital and many more cities.
Ramnagar has access to railways from different parts of India like Delhi Mumbai, Moradabad, Jaipur, Agra etc. After reaching Ramnagar city, you can access Corbett National Park.
Inside the Jungle
The great attraction of the park is Tiger. Apart from this, Corbett National Park is enriched with its great variety of flora, flora and Biodiversity.
Flora of The Park
Covering with dense Sal trees and long grass, this park makes it more favourable to wild animals. There are almost 600 species of trees, shrubs, herbs, bamboo, grass etc. Mostly found trees are Sal and Khair. One interesting thing is that Pine (Chir), is the only coniferous tree found on the premises of the park.
Fauna of the Park
Apart from the Tiger, which is the main reason for tourists to visit here, one can find leopard, elephants and four varieties of deer (Cheetal, sambar, Hog deer, Barking deer), languor, monkey, Indian Pangolin etc.
There are around 600 species of birds in the park including Siberian crane, Blacknaped wood Pekker, Long-tailed Broadwell, Limited Barbet, Blue-throated Barbet, Golden Oriole etc. In reptiles, there are crocodiles, gharial, King Cobra, Python and many more. Park has a rich variety of fishes including Mahseen, Trout, Rohu etc.
What’s Exciting to Do in Park
If you are looking for excitement and adventure, you are at the right place, because this park is full of adventure and surprises. Have a look at them.
The best way to explore the park is through a jungle safari. There are many ways of jungle Safari, one can go with Jeep safari which allows 6 adults or canter Safari which allows 16 persons. Apart from this, earlier there was an option of elephant safari but presently it is banned now. Safari has two timings. Morning shift and Evening shift.
The beauty and Biodiversity of the Corbett National park attract wildlife photographers. This park seems to be an ocean of rare and exotic species of flora and fauna so that photographers can save them in their cameras. Exploring the jungle, one can get amazing and rare movements of Animals and birds. If you are a wildlife photographer, then you are at the right place.
Corbett National park is a heaven for bird lovers. There are almost 600 species of birds. Some rare species are Blacknaped wood Pekker, Longtailed Braodwill, Golden Oriole, Blue Throated Barbet, Limited Barbet etc. The best time to visit is Nov to March.
There are trekking trails that adventure lovers can explore here. You just need a Bag pack and zeal of adventure and can start your adventure.
Most adventure lover wants to camp in nature, and this park provides you with the same excitement. There are two types of camping, one is permanent and the other is temporary. The permanent is in the form of cottages and while temporary are in some forest.
If you are an adventure seeker, then Corbett National park provides you with an exciting activity i.e. River Rafting. River Kosi provides a seasonal sport to enjoy, but it depends on the weather as it is not available in the Rainy season.
Places to visit Nearby
If you want to visit the Most loving and attractive tourist spots nearby it, then here are some of them.
Garjiya Devi Mandir
Garjiya Devi mandir (Temple), which is located in the middle of river Kosi and is just nearby Corbett national park. There is a great belief of people in their Goddess and passenger crossing the way used to come and visit the temple.
Thousands of People from all over the state and from different parts of the country come here to visit and worship Goddess Garjiya.
Nainital the city of lakes is just 63km away from Ramnagar. This city has no of lakes such Naini Lake, Sat taal, Nakhuchiya taal Shukha taal, Sadiya Taal etc. This city is a favourite tourist spot and the most loving hill station.
The second Hanuman Dham of India is situated in Choi village near the bank of river Kosi, which is just 8km away from Ramnagar city. People from different parts of the country used to come here and worship Lord Hanuman.
If you are a nature lover, then you must visit the Museum of Jim Corbett situated in Kalahandi, which is around 30km away from Ramnagar. This museum which winter residence of Jim Corbett now converted to a museum for nature lovers is full of memories of Jim Corbett, where you can find all the stuff which Jim Corbett used in his life.
One interesting thing is that here you can see the graves of Jim Corbett’s Beloving Dogs Robin and Rosina.
The Dhangari Museum is situated in Corbett National park, Which is the entry gate of the Dhikala Zone and is 18 km away from Ramnagar city. Here, one can see soul-stirring and stuffed hunted wild animals which were died in battles including tigers, elephants etc.
There are souvenir shops located in the museum where one can buy books written on Corbett and handmade stuff, colourful handicrafts, wooden arts.
Places to stay
Jim Corbett National Park is among the few national parks of India that allows night stay inside the core zone of the park. Tourists can ask for a night accommodation permit between mid-November to the end of June every year.
There are Forest Rest Houses in some Different zones of Corbett National park and where tourists can ask for accommodations for min 1night and max up to 3 nights.
Apart from these Rest Houses, Tourists can access to large no of resorts situated nearby Park and the nearby city with variable and affordable prices as per choices.
If someone, wants to feel at home, so there are some homestay nearby the city, which is made by local residents for the tourist with the facility of homemade food at affordable prices. For Booking of Rest Houses and Resorts, you can through online booking and Enjoy your trip.